The idea of establishing the Greenbelt in Ontario was announced by McGuinty back in 2003. So if the Greenbelt was really behind the increased scarcity of land and higher real estate prices then it should be reflected in the property appreciation rates.
Cities that lie inside the Greenbelt should have significantly higher price growth compared to cities that lie outside the protection area. But this is just not the case.
Furthermore, over the years there were many reports that came to the same conclusion.
Back in 2004 there was a report from the Environmental Defense which stated that there was not factual evidence that the Greenbelt will lead to higher housing prices.
The report pointed to the fact that between 1972-75 land and housing prices grew at a rate of 40% more than the rate of inflation. Federal government was shocked by such a dramatic phenomenon that they established a task force to find out why prices rose as they did.
Chart HT to Ben Rabidoux from North Cove advisors.
While government officials did not entirely dismiss land use regulation as a source of real estate price increases, they attributed the causes of this phenomenon to the same source as it appears to be today.
From the Government report, section called "Great Expectations" (1978)
"those considering buying homes or land were now willing to pay more while those considering selling demanded more. At that point, prices became determined by what was happening not 'out there' but in our heads. Only the perceptions in our heads can change fast enough, overnight, to explain what it came down to, just an overnight change of expectations about the value of land and housing in the future. People stopped thinking of housing primarily as 'shelter' and started thinking
of it more as 'investment'"
An important finding from the government task force:
"since present prices are partly determined by future expectations, present prices were revalued
sharply upwards. All of our evidence points overwhelmingly to demand factors and changing expectations as the primary forces behind the 1972-75 land and housing price boom"
Is it possible that home prices today are going up for the same reason that they did back in the early '70s? I think so, as after all there's plenty of land - even RBC would agree.